Pusat Studi Linkungan Ubaya


Research Detail

Publication: Seminar Nasional dan Konferensi BKPSL ke XIX, Manado, 6-8 Agustus 2008
Project Team: Maria Prihandrijanti
Research Detail:
Environmental pollution in river basin and coastal areas needs more attention. Thousands of domestic waste come to the ocean everyday. Besides solid wastes, there are also domestic wastewater coming from bathing, washing and toilet activities, which are discharged directly to the river and then flow to the ocean. These accumulating wastes have resulted in eutrophication, for example in Jakarta Bay area. As a result, phytoplanktons have also grown rapidly and then killed other organisms in surrounding area. Most of the river and coastal pollution’s source are from domestic wastes, including solid wastes.
Until now, attention to sanitation management in Indonesia is still lacking, including toward the effects of environmental pollution in river basin and coastal areas. The concept of sanitation management needs to be reviewed again because present solution has contributed to many problems, such as water polution, freshwater crisis, decrease in food security and loss of soil fertility. This paper will discuss a new approach to handle human excreta in order to recover the nutrients into agriculture and reduce environmental pollution in river basin and coastal areas.

Keywords: sanitation, human excreta, nutrient recovery