Pusat Studi Linkungan Ubaya

'Do You Know?' Detail

Floods & Climate Change

February 21, 2011

PSL UBAYA:

We often hear news of big floods happening
around the world these past few decades. But do
you know some facts that reinforced the proof of
strong relationship between these big floods
with climate change?
During the 20th century economic losses from
climate-related disasters were three times
higher than those involving geo-physical hazards
(earthquakes, avalanches, landslides) and
affected 55 times the number of people.
Between 2000 and 2004 an average 326
climate-related disasters were reported each
year. These affected approximately 262 million
people annually – more than double the levels
reported in the early 1980s.
The overwhelming majority of people affected by
climate-related disasters live in developing
countries. Between 2000 and 2004, on average 1
in 19 people living in a developing country was
affected by climate disaster. The corresponding
figure for those living in countries belonging
to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development was 1 in 1,500.
Between 2000 and 2004, flooding affected the
lives of:
68 million people in East Asia
40 million people in South Asia
two million people in sub-Saharan Africa

Monsoons/Storms: The 2007, Asian monsoons
displaced three million people in China, 14
million in India and seven million in
Bangladesh.
Drought: In 2007, drought affected 10 million
people in sub-Saharan Africa.
Hurricanes: The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season
was the most active on record – the best known
of which was Hurricane Katrina. Yet 27 other
storms wreaked havoc across Central America and
the Caribbean, causing mudslides and claiming
more than 1,600 lives.
The above impacts demonstrate how climate change
can threaten lives, affect livelihoods and
exacerbate poverty. Rising temperatures and
prolonged periods of drought will cripple
harvests in many parts of the world. Future
climate change is expected to put almost 50
million people at risk of hunger by 2020.
Shrinking freshwater supplies for drinking as
well as agriculture will affect billions of
people.
Therefore, let us together contribute to
activities that can reduce the effects of
climate change, even by starting to do some
'small things' such as reducing consumption of
clean water and electricity. Source: UNDP -
Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery
Download Floods___Climate_Change.pdf